Fri. Apr 19th, 2024

Top 10 The Best Effects on Human Society

By LuNa Huynh Mar 13, 2024

10. Mosquitoes, and the Louisiana Purchase

A Look at the Role of Freed Haitian Slaves in America’s Rise to Superpower Status

Haiti became the first independent Black nation in the Western Hemisphere after Napoleon Bonaparte signed off the Louisiana Territory to Thomas Jefferson and the United States after trying to put down the world’s first successful slave insurrection on the island of Haiti.There were an overwhelming number of mosquitoes in what was once known as St. Domingue. Malaria and yellow fever were major killers during the Haitian Revolution in 1791. The French commander on the island and brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, General Charles Leclerc, claimed that 100 to 200 troops were dying every day from yellow fever.

Leclerc succumbed to his illness on November 2, 1802. Along with the heroic actions of Haitian liberation warriors and the consequences of yellow fever, more than 24,000 colonialists perished out of 40,000 who were present. An overwhelming majority of the island’s 500,000 slaves—100,000—would perish in the struggle for freedom. A large number of them had developed immunity to the sickness and perished in the savage combat. In December of 1803, Napoleon sold the 2.5 million square kilometre (828,000 square mile) colony of Louisiana to the United States for $15 million, limiting his losses until their independence in 1804. It was one of the most inexpensive real estate transactions ever recorded.

9. The Black Plague Gives the Working Class More Influence in the Economy

Thanks, Natural Catastrophe, the Bubonic Plague Creates the Middle Class!
From the weathered, dilapidated docks of Italy to the icy expanses of Russia, the Black Plague (Yersinia pestis) swept over Europe from 1347 to 1351. Nearly 20 million people lost their lives as a result of a disease that fleas spread from rats to humans. Even more extreme figures, up to 28 million, have been proposed. Although this disaster decimated a dynamic and contentedly thriving society, it created the conditions for an even more affluent social order to arise.Nine out of 10 common people were farmers before the Black Plague. The strong demand from the aristocracy meant that crops were typically of low quality. Conditions and crops were negatively affected by the soil being over-flowed. Nearly three-quarters of Europe’s population, including the landowning aristocracy, was wiped off after the plague. Still, the countryside thrived. Because grain reserves were overflowing and fallowing was no longer necessary, it got healthier.As a result of a decreased population came higher salaries for the survivors, which led many peasants to desire more economic fulfilment. With an eye towards increasing their own wealth, farmers increasingly cultivated cash crops including olives, grapes, apples, pears, and hops. A merchant elite developed, laying the groundwork for what would later become the middle class. Unheard of in mediaeval Europe, this new class of peasants took great delight in their liberties and started to rebel.

8. The Great Plague That Befell Universities

What Was the Process of Middle Ages Education Like?
A large number of religious men and nuns perished in the Black Plague. Due to a dearth of medical and general knowledge during that period, the Catholic Church dispatched these holy servants to infirmaries and hospitals in an effort to heal the sick by the power of God. Despite their confidence in the Lord, this did nothing to protect them from the disease, and their numbers were devastated.Many new institutions were established by the Church as a means to swiftly train additional clergymen and recover from its losses. The bubonic plague also killed off many teachers, which led to a precipitous decline in classroom performance. Members of the affluent who were concerned about social justice would frequently establish universities to address these two problems. The University of Cambridge’s Trinity Hall, for instance, was established in 1350 by William Bateman, the Bishop of Norwich.

7. U.S. Industrialization and the Civil War

More than 600,000 Americans lost their lives during the American Civil War, making it the bloodiest conflict in U.S. history. The once-divided nation was reunified by the industrial north as the southern states’ agricultural and slave-based economies collapsed. The rapid expansion of railroads across the nation was a direct result of the laissez-faire economic philosophy and the development of the industrial sector.Once the war ended and the cloistered economy collapsed, the post-war economy flourished due to the influx of southern workers seeking employment in the north. In little time at all, American output began to surpass that of several western European countries. Along with increasing workforces and constant waves of immigration, this resulted in massive exports of foodstuffs, raw materials, textiles, and handcrafted crafts to other countries. Industrialization powered advancement, but it did not put an end to racial conflicts in the US or the world as a whole, and both of these things contributed to the current state of climate change. Many of the contemporary conveniences that we take for granted today were born out of this.

6. The Rescue Vehicle Emerged from the American Civil War

For the express purpose of removing injured troops from harm’s way as soon as possible, Congress established the Union Army Ambulance Corps in 1864. Although it wasn’t the first of its kind, the first civilian ambulance service was established in London in 1832. This marked the birth of the modern ambulance, which has saved many lives throughout history.In 1865, a Cincinnati, Ohio, hospital began providing civilian ambulance services. Edward B. Dalton, a former Union Surgeon, established a practice out of New York City’s Bellevue Hospital in 1869. After the Civil War, the United States saw a rapid economic boom and industrialization, which led to the rapid growth of ambulance services. These services continue to set the standard for hospital transportation even now.

5. The global economy was no longer reliant on gold after the Vietnam War.

Was it a mistake to abandon the gold standard? | Economics Explained
The value of gold was the primary economic indicator before to 1944. Nearly three quarters of the world’s gold reserves were held by the United States after World War II, making it the country with the largest holdings. In July 1944, the International Monetary Fund was established with the goal of assisting war-torn European nations in their recovery from the devastating effects of World War II and combating the hyperinflation that had developed as a result of the costs associated with the war. A once unstable economic system may be stabilised if countries could exchange their US currencies for $35/ounce of gold.A depreciating currency, a competitive market, and the 141 billion dollars spent over 14 years supporting US troops and the South Vietnamese army all contributed to an infusion of US money into the global system. In 1971, the gold standard was effectively abolished when U.S. President Richard Nixon instituted wage and price controls and severed global dependence on the dollar.The world’s currencies swung wildly against one another, just like they do now. Along with 58,000 American casualties, two million Vietnamese were killed during the war. For the United States, this war marks the first military setback in its history. It ended the greatest wealthy era in American history and irrevocably altered the global economy.

4. From the Nazis of WWII to the Moon

American scientists sought Dr. Wernher Von Braun’s assistance in constructing intercontinental ballistic missiles on June 20, 1945. But Van Braun had been an SS officer and a Nazi party member since the 1930s. During and before World War II, the Nazis “cleansed” human society by destroying European populations and killing an estimated 17 million people. But the United States administration saw value in Von Braun’s invention of the V2 rocket, the world’s first sub-orbital cruiser missile.In an attempt to boost American global dominance, the charges against him for war crimes were reduced. In a clandestine operation called Operation Paperclip, the CIA recruited him and other experts to join the American scientific community. In order to counter Soviet technology after the war, the United States recruited more than 500 scientists. The V2 rocket, which was used by the Apollo 11 spacecraft, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) were both eventually brought about by this. This infamous war criminal was instrumental in getting humans to the moon on July 16, 1969.

3. Atomic bombing aided in the development of Hitachi and Toyota.

Ten huge corporations called “Zaibatsu” dominated Japan’s economy prior to WWII and the horrors of the atomic bomb. They began operating in 1868, when the majority of Japanese people worked in agriculture, and they used the country’s substantial tax income to finance their businesses.The island nation of Japan had already lost more than 200,000 lives as a result of the two atomic bombs dropped on it when it unconditionally surrendered and signed the Postdam Agreement on August 10, 1945. The Zaibatsu fell apart and free-market capitalism thrived in Japan as a result of American reconstruction efforts. Emerging companies like Hitachi and Toyota gave us the technical marvels we still enjoy today.[8]

2. World War Ensured That American Women Could Vote

At the turn of the twentieth century, women all across the world finally had enough with the oppression that came with World War I. Women worldwide stepped up to the plate when men were gone at war, filling in for them in industries and factories. It inflamed a movement that was already taking shape. Effort equality and the right to vote were among the demands made by women in many countries.Women in the US, Canada, UK, Germany, Poland, Austria, and the Netherlands achieved this and much more in the years after the worst war in world history, which claimed the lives of an estimated nine to ten million people.

1. The Pompeii Volcano and Its Impact on Western Art and Culture

The small Italian town of Pompeii was engulfed in ash forever after its devastation, which claimed the lives of more than 16,000 people. Pompeii lay in ruins until 1748, when archaeologists rediscovering the city’s abandoned structures revealed its stunning Roman architecture. This sparked a global architectural surge in the Neoclassical, Greek, and Italianate styles.The use of stucco, which was found in abundance among the Pompeii excavations, increased in Western architecture. Many Western homes still utilise it now; it was most famously adopted by Scottish architect Robert Adam. Along with other archaeological finds, this one contributed to the Greek revival, a cultural movement that flourished in the West in the nineteenth century.

SEE ALSO: Top 10 The Most Influential Mediaeval European Scientists

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