Fri. Apr 19th, 2024

Top 25 Odd Things Scientists Have Discovered in Space

By LuNa Huynh Jan 31, 2024

25 The Planet of Hell

Recently, a terrifying, uninhabitable “hell planet” was found by scientists traveling through space. Before you respond, “Duh, we live here,” allow me to clarify: They discovered a real hell planet, and I’m so relieved that we are not forced to live there.

K2-141b, affectionately referred to as a “lava planet,” was found by astronomers approximately 200 light-years away. Even if we may have problems of our own, this planet has enormous lava seas that are 60 miles deep, rocks that shower down on us, and winds that may destroy everything at a speed greater than sound.

The planet’s orbit around the sun causes one side to experience perpetual daylight and temperatures as high as 5,432 degrees Fahrenheit, while the other side experiences constant darkness and temps as low as -328.

24 The World That Wasn’t

The first exoplanet discovered by astronomers that could be seen with the unaided eye was announced in 2008. Fomalhaut b was detected in Hubble Space Telescope photos. But by 2012, the planet had just vanished.

A few light years away from Earth, according to research published in PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) by 2020, was all that separated what astronomers thought to be a planet from Earth.

The researchers of the current study went back and reexamined the old Hubble photographs, drawing the conclusion that the astronauts were just witnessing the vast cloud of dust created when two massive space bodies composed of ice and dust collided. It appears that Formalhaut b was never real in the first place.

23 The Galaxy’s Whirlpool

This is the one celestial body that we have all seen. One of the cosmic bodies that is most frequently photographed is the Whirlpool Galaxy, also known as Messier 51. It is located 23 million light years away in Canes Venatici.

Its cosmic dance with its companion galaxy, NGC 5195, is intriguing in addition to its amazing looks. Stars are essentially being born in its spiral arms due to the tremendous star creation caused by the gravitational interaction between these two.

22 The Spoon from Mars

When NASA’s Curiosity rover on Mars found a “floating spoon” in 2015, the internet went crazy. Scientists swiftly clarified that it was nothing more than a fascinating rock that had been shaped over time by the Martian winds, despite the wild hypotheses that were making their way onto our screens.

And how!

A handle-shaped rock that protrudes from an outcropping and finishes in a rounded tip that resembles a spoon is seen in the Curiosity shot. Even its shadow joined in, creating a shadow on the ground below that resembled a spoon.

21 The Hexagon of Saturn

People are constantly in awe of Saturn’s hexagon, which is arguably the most amazing and enigmatic vortex in the entire cosmos. This enormous storm has existed for hundreds of years and is large enough to encircle four Earths. It takes more than ten hours to rotate. It’s amazing!

The storm is situated in Saturn’s atmosphere, which experiences sharp variations in atmospheric wind velocity. The hexagon of Saturn erupted from a chaotic region of the atmosphere, caught between two spinning wind masses that were orbiting the planet at varying speeds. This incredible storm formation is the result of the vortex rotating faster inside the hexagon and near Saturn’s north pole than the winds outside of it.

20 MoonMoon

Is there anything superior to the moon? A MoonMoon is the response to the query.

Scientists say that certain moons have moons of their own. Whoa, I can already imagine the “mooning” jokes that will result from this.

The larger moons orbit the smaller moons, and the smaller moons orbit the planets. Fearing they may be taken by surprise if they eventually find one, scientists are already coming up with names for the smaller moons. Moonmoon and Submoon are two formidable competitors.

“MoonMoon” sounds nicer, in our opinion at List 25, therefore that’s what we’ll use moving forward.

19 The Pilgrim – Oumuamua

The Pan-STARRS1 telescope at the University of Hawaii made a discovery on October 19, 2017, that entirely defies explanation.

At first, it was thought to be a comet. Unfortunately, it was classed as an asteroid because it showed no signs of behaving like a comet. That also didn’t make logic, though. The celestial object was long and cylindrical, and it moved in a way that no asteroid could. Additionally, I saw something I had never noticed before: as it turned, it became brighter.

What precisely was it then?

That object turned revealed to be an extrasolar rock from beyond our solar system. one that predated our solar system’s existence and came from somewhere outside of it. meaning that its origins are likely unknown to us. Ohmuamua, a Hawaiian term meaning “a messenger from afar arriving first,” was given to it, and it was an appropriate name.

18 The USS Jellyfish

The idea of extraterrestrial jellyfish may sound like something from a bad science fiction film. But what has confused scientists is the recent discovery of a huge tentacled entity spreading throughout the cosmos.

A bizarre assemblage of charged particles spanning more than a million light-years is known as the USS Jellyfish. According to some accounts, the enigmatic giant is the first known polyphoenix, an intricate and mysterious region of space that emits radio waves. According to astronomers, they have never seen anything like that.

17 The Oort Cloud

Comets are the space nomads of our solar system; they originate in the Oort cloud, which is located outside the planetary boundaries of Neptune and Pluto. They then approach the Sun while looping back out in enormous, elliptical orbits. Hundreds of billions of frozen things in the Oort cloud have the potential to form comets if they could only find their way to the Sun.

Finally, in August 2013, one of the comets reached the Sun directly, completing a kamikaze death drop. Astronomers normally wouldn’t detect an occurrence like this. This one, however, was captured by the spacecraft Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, which keeps an eye on the solar wind, corona, and Sun. The comet’s last seconds before it collided with the Sun and vanished from view were photographed by the SOHO.

16 Stephan’s Five Galaxy Quintet

Stephan’s quintet of five galaxies was the first known compact group to be found. But when they were first discovered, everyone believed they were just Milky Way gas clouds. Astronomers soon understood what they were seeing as our telescopes got better, but there was a mystery. An intriguing enigma.

It had to do with redshift, which is the shift in light wavelengths that indicates a galaxy’s distance from Earth. Stephan’s quintet of galaxies appears to be physically related to one another. Indeed, it appears as though they are being held together by soft space tendrils. It appears as though they are connected. Thus, their Redshifts ought to coincide.

But the data indicates that four of them are located 300 million lightyears distant, and the remaining one is only 30 million lightyears away. This was a huge difference rather than just a technical one. It is no longer possible to forecast distance using Redshift if two galaxies at the same distance have significantly differing Redshifts.

15 The Face of the Jack-O’-Lantern in the Sun

On October 31, a few years back, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory posted a smiling picture of a solar jack-o’-lantern on Instagram. Even while they probably enjoyed getting to see our sun’s kind face, the post also served as a source of knowledge.

According to information released by NASA, the active regions were actually indicators of a complex and intense assemblage of magnetic fields that were circling the sun’s corona.

14 The Enterprise Solar Starship

NASA revealed this amazing photo of two nebulas, or star-birth zones, taken by its Spitzer Space Telescope two years after releasing the amazing Jack-O’-Lantern face in the sun.

The fact that the scientists were able to discover space matter that bore a striking resemblance to the Starship Enterprise suggests that they have an excellent eye for detail. The fact that it was released on September 8, which happens to be “Star Trek’s” 50th anniversary, just serves to highlight how awesome these men are.

13 Pluto’s Slug

Pluto has a striking terrain. Sputnik Planum is an ice plain, and unlike Earth, its surface is always shifting. You may visualize icebergs on the water by simply picturing them.

NASA published a humorous photo of an exposed rock that resembles a gigantic slug in 2016. This protrusion coincided with the demarcation line that separated the plain’s various surface sections; as a result, the line resembled the slime trail that this rocky slug would have left behind.

12 The Asteroid Hippo

NASA couldn’t help but notice that the odd asteroid that past Earth in December 2018 on its way to deep space resembled a specific huge African semiaquatic mammal.

The Space Hippo approached Earth at a distance of roughly 1.8 million miles (2.9 million kilometers) and measured about one mile (1.6 km). It is unlikely to come much closer to Earth until 2070, as this occurrence marked its closest approach in over 400 years. The possibility of the asteroid colliding with Earth was never present, and it won’t be in the future. Nevertheless, NASA was able to take some incredibly detailed pictures of the celestial hippo thanks to the short distance.

11 Winter Wonderland – The Snowman

Would you like to construct a snowman? Our solar system says that the answer is YES!

A disk of gas and dust is left behind after a star develops. These minuscule particles start to aggregate and grow in size. Gravity attracts additional particles and things when a cosmic body passes by, creating a cosmic snowball effect. Planetesimals are the newly created objects, also referred to as protoplanets.

Although they have been anticipated by scientists for many years, we have never actually seen one. All of that changed in 2019 when photos of Ultima Thule, the snowman of the universe, were delivered by NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft. The peculiar shape of Ultima Thule is thought to have resulted by the collision of migrating ice and dust grains thousands of years ago. It produced two massive rock lumps that, in the end, came into contact and chose to remain joined.

10 The Butterfly in Space

Ever notice the Space Butterfly?

The Hubble Space Telescope took these stunning pictures. It is also known as PN M2-9, which is a slightly less poetic moniker for the Twin Jet Nebula. However, Space Butterfly is my favorite; I mean, take a look!

As PN M2-9 is a bipolar planetary nebula, it has two stars rather than one in its binary star system.

The snapshot depicts the last light of a dying star after its outer layers have been expelled, which is seen in the radiant shells. It was found by astronomers that the mass of the two stars in the Twin Jet Nebula is similar to that of the Sun. The tiny companion star is a highly evolved little white dwarf, whereas the larger star is nearing the end of its existence.

9.The Bermuda Triangle of Space

Earth is a powerful magnet. The planet’s magnetic field protects the atmosphere, as well as human technology, from solar particle emissions. But there’s a problem with our bubble of protection. The dangerous particles from the sun can only enter our atmosphere once on Earth, disrupting pricey machinery. The South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) is the name given to it.

The Southern Atlantic Sea and South America are covered by the SAA. Any space station or equipment traveling through this area runs the risk of experiencing hardware damage or data loss. Because of this, NASA regularly switches off satellites that cross the SAA until they are once again within the magnetic umbrella. This area doesn’t miraculously vanish, but it does present a serious risk to spacecraft and personnel.

8 Planets 9 and 10

A group of Caltech scientists published evidence in 2017 that raised the possibility that there is a ninth planet in our solar system. It is thought that Planet Nine, a planet ten times larger than Earth, orbits the solar system’s furthest regions, deep beyond the frigid wastelands of the Kuiper Belt. They also disclosed in 2019 that they might have found Planet Ten. It’s possible that this massive object is circling the Kuiper Belt. Their theory is supported in fact by the peculiar motions of objects in the Kuiper Belt.

Some of the objects in the Belt deviate from our expectations by roughly 8%, even when accounting for the Planet Nine idea. The most plausible explanation is a large object the mass of Mars, or alternatively, a newly discovered planet.

7 Peggy, Saturn’s Mysterious Moon

You’ve seen what happens when stars are born and when they are dying. However, have you ever seen a new moon emerge?

During its journey, the Cassini spacecraft took many breathtaking and historic images of Saturn; on top of that, it detected a new moon developing just outside Saturn’s rings. The new moon, known as “Peggy,” appears to be growing on Saturn’s outermost, or “A” ring. It is only 0.5 mil (0.8 km) in size.

These moons are thought to originate when frozen particles in the rings are forced to the outer edges, according to scientists. You may imagine what they’re seeing firsthand by imagining a drop of water being thrown to the edge of a spinning disc.

6 The Comet That Shoots Alcohol

Everything seemed normal when the Lovejoy comet was initially observed by scientists. A snowball with a tail, you know? the typical. When Lovejoy passed by the Sun in 2015, a year later, the heat brought about an extraordinary event. Etyl alcohol started to shoot from the comet. This is the same substance that is sold in cellars or ordered from menus. 500 bottles of wine were spilled every second by Lovejoy during the height of his intoxication.

The idea that comets are the source of all life on Earth gains support from the inebriated comet. Why? In addition to spitting alcohol, Lovejoy also vomited a tonne of sugar and organic compounds, which together make up DNA.

5 Existence Close to Jupiter?

One of Jupiter’s 90 moons, Europa, is one of the most intriguing prospects in our hunt for extraterrestrial life.

Its frozen surface has already been shown to have enormous oceans beneath it, and scientists think that warm geothermal vents may be located there. Similar to the bottom of our seas on Earth, these vents may be home to thousands of different types of life.

Similar to Earth, the waters of Europa are thought to create ten times as much oxygen as hydrogen. Scientists and astronomers are ecstatic about the chemical reactions that occur when the oxygen in the water and hydrothermal vents combine!

4 The Mysteries of the Moon

A rocket struck the moon on March 4, 2022, leaving behind a large crater that is nearly 90 feet (or 27.4 meters) broad.

Rocket losses are nothing new, particularly when they send rockets crashing onto the moon and creating fresh craters. The same tragedy has already befallen a number of NASA rockets. But since no other rocket has ever left a shape like this, scientists find the double-crater this enigmatic rocket left behind to be a unique sight.

NASA is unaware of the rocket’s launcher or its purpose. China has already vehemently rejected claiming ownership of it.

3 Outside Our Solar System, CO2

One year ago, 700 light years from Earth, scientists found carbon monoxide, or CO2, in the atmosphere above a planet the size of Saturn. This marked the first detection of CO2 outside of our solar system. The planet was discovered by the James Webb Space Telescope, which also detected carbon monoxide, water vapor, and methane traces near a few other planets, all of which may be indicators of extraterrestrial life.

This shows how remarkable Webb’s ability is to determine if a planet is habitable for life, even in the absence of direct evidence of life.

2 Moon Water

Fantastic Mr. Fox, Coraline, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, among a startling array of other legendary theatrical releases, made 2009 a great year for theater releases. But 2009 was also a historic year for NASA since in October of that year, the agency’s Lunar Crater Observing and Sensing Satellite, or LCROSS for short, made the discovery of water at the Moon’s South Pole.

NASA created the probe to investigate and survey the lunar surface, and it was accompanied by a small satellite to determine the chemical makeup of lunar minerals. It was determined that frozen water existed on the moon after a year of data analysis. Additionally, it was found that a thin coating of water coated a number of the soil’s surface areas. That is really amazing!

1 The Rings of the Centaur

Now asteroids are adorning themselves with shimmering rings out of jealousy for Saturn. I’m not kidding! The first asteroid with a distinct ring system was found by astronomers. The asteroid, known as 10199 Chariklo, has demonstrated that even tiny space rocks can have surprising potential.

Rings have only been found thus far around massive planets. The particles in rings typically disperse, smoothing the edges. The asteroid’s rings must be continuously sculpted by something, most likely invisible “shepherd” satellites that pass near the rings and trap the particles because they are sharp. Thus, even if Chariklo’s rings come from rather different places, they seem to adhere to certain similar principles.

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